Hindavi, Amir Khusrau


Hindavi, now known as Hindi, is a blend of Persian, Arabic, Turkish and various dialects of Khari Boli from Delhi and its surrounding areas. Amir Khusrau is said to be the first poet of the Hindavi language. He has mentioned in his preface of Diwan Ghurrat-ul-Kamal that he loves writing in Hindavi and distributed his Hindavi Qalam or poetry amongst his friends. He himself probably didn’t bother to preserve them in any written form. He wrote primarily in Persian for the royal court and in Hindavi for the common man.
¬†Khusrau’s Hindavi Qalam is divided into several sections such as dohe (couplets), paheliyan (riddles) as well as various other kinds of poetic riddles like Do-Sakhune, Nisbatein, Dhakosale, Kehmukarniyaan, Nushkhe. He also wrote classical khayal and tarana bandishes, geet or songs of Sawan, Basant, Barkha and Shaadi, as well as different forms of qawwali such as Qual, Qalbana, Tarana, Naqsh, Gul, Manqabat, Naat, Hamd, Ghazal etc.

Amir Khusro’s Hindavi qalam was first published by Aligarh Muslim University in 1918 AD by the name,’Jawahar-e-Khusravi”. Specimens of Amir Khusro’s Hindavi Qalam are found in various sources like Deebaca-e-Diwan-e-Ghurrat-ul-Kamal, Niqat-us-Shoara by Meer Taqi Meer, Chamanistan-e-Shoara by Laxmi Narayan Shifique, Punjab mein Urdu by Prof Mahmood Shirani etc.